That in respect of the breastplate it is unsafe to collate the Hebrew texts of the various versions with that of Josephus may be demonstrated as follows. 12. All rights reserved. The equivalence of the Hebrew yashepheh and the Greek iaspis is generally accepted. Despite this difference of position jaspis is undoubtedly the yshphh of the Hebrew text. Since he mentions only four stones that are not referred to in the Septuagint, namely chrusokolla, hualoeides, kuanos and omphax, it follows that the Septuagint translators at Alexandria introduced every important name that was then in use at Athens for a precious stone. in Exodus 28:19; 39:12 1st stone, 3rd row, of the breastplate. Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) and English Versions of the Bible translate sardonyx. It is probably equated with Heb., the ligurius of Ex., xxviii, 19; xxxix, 12 (St. The gem is used for rings, seals and, in the East; drinking vessels. in Septuagint Exodus 28:19; 39:12, Septuagint translation of Hebrew leshem: 1st stone, 3rd row, of breastplate. The original breastplate may have been part of the spoil on one or other of these occasions, and have then disappeared forever. cit.). in Job 28:18: The Septuagint transliterates gabis; the King James Version translates "pearls"; the Revised Version (British and American) translates "crystal." There are about twenty different names of such stones in the Bible. The finest carnelians are found in the East Indies. The Vulgate equates onyx with the Hebrew ??? The elektron of the time of the Septuagint and Theophrastus was the amber, of the present day; in the time of Pliny amber was an object of luxury ranked next to crystal, and the term electrum was then applied, not only to amber, but also to a metallic alloy of gold and silver. Professor Maskelyne and Professor Sayce, accepting green as the color of shoham, have expressed the opinion that the stone known by that name in very early times was the stone called 'siamu by the Assyrians, and therefore the green turquoise; Professor Maskelyne gives "amazon stone" as an alternative rendering of the word. In an intriguing passage, the Midrash (Bamidbar Rabbah 2:7) provides a summary of the flags’ appearance.It begins by telling us that the colours of the flags corresponded to the colours of the stones that were on the Choshen (or Breastplate) of the High Priest. It is extremely hard and has a double refraction. The topazion of the ancient Greeks was a green stone yielding to the action of a file and said to be brought from an island in the Red Sea, whereas the topaz of the present day is not a green stone, does not yield to the action of a file, and has not been brought from an island in the Red Sea. The onuchion of Theophrastus was a hard, translucent stone used by the seal engravers; it consisted of white and dusky layers in alternation. Chrysoprase, Greek chrysoprasos, the tenth foundation stone of the celestial Jerusalem (Apoc., xxi, 20). According to the Septuagint, sappheiros was the 2nd stone, 3rd row, of the breastplate, but there is uncertainty as to the Hebrew text. Yashepheh, in Exodus 28:20; 39:13; Ezekiel 28:13: the 3rd stone, 4th row, of the breastplate. Much has been written about the precise identification of these stones, although largely speculative. in Job 28:18, the King James Version translation of Hebrew gabhish; in Job 28:18, the Revised Version margin translation of Hebrew peninim; in Matthew 7:6; 13:45; 1 Timothy 2:9; Revelation 18:12,16; 21:20,21, English Versions of the Bible translation of Greek margarites. Apoc., xxi, 20, gives it as the eighth stone of the foundation of the New Jerusalem. The stone may have been a yellowish-green plasma (chalcedony, crypto-crystalline silica) or, as suggested by King, pale chrysoberyl (aluminate of beryllium); it is not the chrysoprase of the present day, which is an apple-green chalcedony (colored by nickel). At present, agate and onyx differ only in the manner in which the stone is cut: if it is cut to show the layers of colour, it is called agate; if cut parallel to the lines, onyx. Proverbs 3:15. in Exodus 28:19; 39:12, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew 'achlamah; in Revelation 21:20, English Versions of the Bible translation of Greek amethustos. Diamonds and pearls, sapphires and rubies all featured in the Bible. in Revelation 4:3: the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates smaragdinus; English Versions of the Bible translates "emerald." Those stones are a warning!!! - Sacred StonesLong before the Israelites entered Canaan, pagans in the Middle East erected sacred stones to honor their gods, to declare covenants and treaties between cities, or to honor an important event that could only be explained by the supernatural. in Revelation 9:17; 21:20: the 11th foundation of the New Jerusalem. Septuagint probably translates iaspis, though iaspis is placed by the Septuagint as the 3rd stone, 2nd row; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) probably translates jaspis; English Versions of the Bible translate it as "jasper." As already pointed out, the Hebrew texts of the Septuagint and English Versions of the Bible must have differed completely as regards the descriptions of the ornaments of the king of Tyre; it is thus not at all certain that they were in complete accord as regards the descriptions of the breastplate. It may perhaps have included the yellow sapphire (alumina), the yellow quartz (citrine, silica) and the yellow jargoon (zircon; silicate of zirconium) of the present day. The yellowish-red ligurion may have been one of the stones to which the name "jacinth" (also a zircon) is now applied. Crystal, Heb. Pliny describes the hyacinthus as being very different from amethystus, "though partaking of a color that closely' borders upon it" and as being of a more diluted violet, It may have been the pale blue sapphire (alumina) of the present day; the modern hyacinth, or jacinth, is a quite different stone, a brownish to reddish zircon (silicate of zirconium). This supposition is strengthened by the fact that the Arabic word kadzkadzat, evidently derived from the same stem as chodchod, designates a bright red. \"This … These differences suggest that there were different Septuagint translators, even for different chapters of the same book, and that little care was taken by them to be consistent with one another in the translation of technical terms. "coral" in Job 28:18; Ezekiel 27:16, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew ra'moth; Lamentations 4:7, the Revised Version margin translation of Hebrew peninim; "red coral" in Job 28:18, the Revised Version margin translation of Hebrew peninim. The stones of the breastplate according to our Hebrew text (Exodus 28:17-21) were: The foundations of the New Jerusalem are (Revelation 21:19,20): Only 4 of the latter stones are mentioned elsewhere in the New Testament, also in the Book of Revelation, namely: iaspis (4:3; 21:18), smaragdos (4:3), sardion (4:3) and huakinthos (9:17). Emerald has pride of place among the precious gemstones. Ezekeil 28:13 - Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. The occidental amethyst is easily engraved and is found in a variety of sizes. Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates calcedonius; English Versions of the Bible translates "chalcedony." This is a mistake, for the same word is equivalent to carnelian in Theophrastus (De lap., 55) and Pliny (Hist. The onyx of Roman times was an opaque stone of white and black layers, like the onyx of the present day. When they were settled in the Land of Israel, they obtained gemstones from the merchant caravans travelling from Babylonia or Persia to Egypt, and those from Saba and Raamah to Tyre (Book of Ezekiel, xxvii, 22). Stones are also mentioned in the Bible. Topaz, or ancient chrysolite, is an octangular prism of an orange-yellow colour; it is composed of alumina, silica, hydrofluoric acid, and iron. From the similarity to gabhash, "ice," the rendering "crystal" is suggested. Both Septuagint and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) probably translate achates, but their Hebrew texts are uncertain; English Versions of the Bible translates "agate." in Ezech., xxvii, 16, in P. L., XXV, 255). nat. The probability of this hypothesis of one or more replacements of the breastplate is still further increased if we have regard to the large stones that were set in gold buttons and fastened to the shoulderpieces of the ephod, the vestment to which the breastplate itself was attached (Exodus 28:9; 39:6 or Septuagint Exodus 36:13). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. According to the Septuagint, anthrax was also a stone of the breastplate, 1st stone, 2nd row, but there is uncertainty as to the Hebrew text of the Septuagint in respect of this word. Hence, it is probable that the word in these particular verses was shoham in the Hebrew original of the Vulgate, and therefore also of the Hebrew original of the Septuagint. There were distinguishing signs for each prince; each had a flag and a different color for every flag, corresponding to the precious stones on the breast of Aaron… Reuben’s stone was odem and the color of his flag was red; and embroidered thereon were mandrakes. They are figuratively introduced to denote value, beauty, durability (Cant 5:14 ; Isaiah 54:11 Isaiah 54:12 ; Lamentations 4:7 ). The Hebraic derivation derives shbw from shbb "to flame"; it may also be related to Saba (shba). It probably corresponded to the anthrax of Theophrastus (De lap., 18), the carbunculus of Pliny (Hist. in Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Ezekiel 28:13:rd stone, 1st row, of breastplate. The Septuagint gives anthrax as the 1st stone, 2nd row, chrusolithos as the 1st stone, 4th row, berullion as the 2nd stone, 4th row, of the breastplate; English Versions of the Bible translates "beryl"; the King James Version margin translates "chrysolite" (in Ezekiel 28:13 only); the Revised Version margin translates "chalcedony" (Exodus 28:20; 39:13), "topaz" (Song of Solomon 5:14) and "stone of Tarshish" (Ezekiel 10:9). 'Odhem being red, and sardion and smaragdos respectively red and green (see below), 'odhem must be equivalent to the former, not the latter, and the Septuagint translators must have adopted the Hebrew direction of reading the rows. Comparative analysis of the Greek and Latin translations demonstrates that this is not the case; in the Vulgate, jasper is in the same position as yshpht, whereas the Greek beryllos does not correspond to the Latin beryllus. ; also Ezech., xxviii, 13,[4] in Sept.). BRAUN, Vestitus sacerdotum hebræorum (Leyden, 1680); BABELON in DAREMBERG AND SAGLIO, Dict. According to the Septuagint, sardion was the 1st stone, 1st row, of the breastplate. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. This stone is probably the same as hyacinth (St. This word is used only twice in the Bible. In the last citation in Revelation 4:3; 21:20: the 6th foundation of the New Jerusalem. siliceous beds in hollows of rocks. The translations are suggested by the similarity to the Hebrew qerach, "ice. "leek-green stone" (Genesis 2:12), sardion (Exodus 25:7; 35:9), smaragdos (Exodus 28:9; 35:27), berullion, probably, through interchange of words in the Hebrew text (Exodus 28:20; 39:13), soom (1 Chronicles 29:2), onux (Job 28:16) and perhaps onuchion (Ezekiel 28:13); Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates onyx (Ezekiel 28:13), lapis sardonychus (Job 28:16) and lapis onychinus elsewhere; English Versions of the Bible translates "onyx"; the Revised Version margin translates "beryl" (except in Ezekiel 28:13). Septuagint translates prasinos, i.e. Similar to the last is the Caspian iaspis. The best supported is yhlm, though shhm is also probable. In the New Testament we find pearl mentioned in Matt., xiii, 45, 46; I Tim., ii, 9; etc. Jeremiah informs us of a diamond usage which is much the same as its usage today: "The sin of Juda is written with a pen of iron, with the point of a diamond". The Revised Version margin translates "sardonyx" (in Exodus only). God tells Moses the two stones upon the ephod are, in fact, “memorial stones for the sons of Israel” and that “Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders as a memorial before the Lord” (Exodus 28:12). Rainbows are one of the most stunning natural occurrences in our skies. "chrysoprase" in Ezekiel 27:16, the King James Version margin translation of Hebrew kadhkodh; Revelation 21:20, the Revised Version (British and American) translation of Greek chrusoprasos; "chrysoprasus" in Revelation 21:20, the King James Version translation of Greek chrusoprasos. Formerly, an agate that was banded with well-defined colours was the onyx. Although not a gemstone in the strictest sense, we can apply the word "stone" in a broader context similar to that of coral. Its shape is different from the round pebble to the hexagonal, pyramid-capped crystal. the remark that the twelve foundation stones of the celestial city in Apoc., xxi, 19-20, correspond to the twelve stones of the rational. Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates jaspis; English Versions of the Bible translates "jasper." None of the Hebrew texts give any hint as to the nature of this stone. Diamond was not very well known among the ancients; and if we add to this the etymological similarity between the words smiris, the Egyptian asmir, "emery", a species of corindon used to polish gemstones, and shmyr, the Hebrew word supposed to mean diamond; the conclusion to be drawn is that limpid corindon was intended. The Hebrews obtained gemstones from the Middle East, India, and Egypt. Stones are enriched with decomposed matter and they then nourish the plants that feed and shelter us. The Greek and Latin names are taken from the river Achates (the modern Dirillo), in Sicily, where this stone was first found (Theophrastus, "De lapid. It is comparatively certain that pearl (Greek in Exodus 28:19; 39:12, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew shebho; in Isaiah 54:12; Ezekiel 27:16, the King James Version translation of Hebrew kadhkodh. Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) and the King James Version translate chrysoprasus; the Revised Version (British and American) translates "chrysoprase." In the Old Testament, the 12 different precious stones were used to symbolize the 12 tribes of Israel. Since the translations do not observe the same order as the Hebrew in enumerating the stones of the rational (see Beryl above), it is not mandatory to accept the Greek beryllos as the translation of shhm. The emerald is highly polished and is found in metamorphic rocks, granites, and mica schist. Though the Septuagint translators may never have had opportunities of looking closely at the stones, they might be expected to know the color of the material; Josephus must have seen them often. List of Names with Biblical References. Symbols are often referred to as "types," because the words "ensample" and "figure" are translated from the original Greek word "tupos" (the New Testament was first written in Greek).The meaning of the symbol, or type, is often referred to as the "Antitype." The word may also derive from the Sanskrit marakata which is certainly emerald nor is the Greek form smaragdos that different either. Jasper Heb. "Entry for 'STONES, PRECIOUS'". Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates topazius; English Versions of the Bible translate it as "topaz.". Equivalence of Hebrew and Greek Names: Taking these matters into consideration, the following have considerable claims to be regarded as equivalents: The remaining three stones, tarshish, shoham and yahalom, are thus equivalent to chrusolithos, onuchion and berullion, but it is uncertain which Greek name corresponds to any of those Hebrew names. It is of a conchoidal structure. Hebrew Texts of Septuagint and English Versions of the Bible: Hence, it follows that the Hebrew text of English Versions of the Bible is not identical with the Hebrew texts of the Septuagint and the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) versions in respect of the stones in the 2nd and 4th rows; if our Hebrew text is correct as regards yashepheh, that stone was the last stone in the last row; if the Hebrew texts of the Septuagint and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) versions were correct, yashepheh, which had for its Greek equivalent iaspis, must have been the last stone in the 2nd row; further, onuchion (Septuagint) and beryllus (Vulgate) must be equivalent, not to yashepheh, but to some other stones of the breastplate. smaragdos in Ex., xxviii, 9; xxxv, 27; xxxix, 6; soam, a mere transcription of the Hebrew word in I Par., xxix, 2; and onyx in Job, xxviii, 16. In the time of Theophrastus achates was sold at a great price, but by the time of Pliny had ceased to be a precious stone. 'Odhem, in Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Ezekiel 28:13:st stone, 1st row, of the breastplate. Therefore, relying on the testimony of the various versions it can safely be assumed that onyx is the stone signified by shhm. he follows the Septuagint and translates chodchod by jaspis. The genuine sapphire is a beautiful blue hyaline corindon and is composed of nearly pure alumina, its colour resulting from the presence of iron oxide. These gemstones in the bible represent purest faith, the glories of God and His saints, a flourishing life which grows in integrity, new life, and an increased prosperity. Diamond, Heb. Cappir, in Exodus 24:10; 28:18; 39:11; Job 28:6,16; Song of Solomon 5:14; Isaiah 54:11; Lamentations 4:7; Ezekiel 1:26; 10:1; 28:13 2nd stone, 2nd row, of the breastplate. The Targum renders the qrt of However, pearl has also been interpreted to be the meaning in these passages. ", XXXVII, xlv) and during the Middle Ages it was believed to possess the power of relieving anxiety at night, driving away devils and to be an excellent cure for eye diseases. Caravans having brought the stone to Palestine. in Revelation 21:20: the 7th foundation of the New Jerusalem. ", in Revelation 4:6; 22:1: Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates crystallum; English Versions of the Bible translates "crystal." Proud member The best kind is that which has a shade of purple, the next best being the rose-colored, and the next the stone with the green color of the smaragdus," etc. The ancients very often confounded the names of these two stones. stones. It probably included both the sard and the carnelian of the present day (crypto-crystalline silica). Life energy is drawn to the centre of the gemstones. Or who balanced the second or the third or the fourth stone on top of it, or why. cxlvii, 17, and Ecclus., xliii, 22, there can be no question that ice is indicated. in Job 28:18; Proverbs 3:15; 8:11; 20:15; 31:10; Lamentations 4:7, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew peninim; in Isaiah 54:12; Ezekiel 27:16, the Revised Version (British and American) translation of Hebrew kadhkodh; in Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Ezekiel 28:13, the King James Version margin translation of Hebrew 'odhem. The chrysolithus of Pliny was a "transparent stone with a refulgence like that of gold." The same may have happened regarding the translation of the Hebrew into Greek, especially because the old manner of writing the two words yshlm and shlm might be easily confused. It was Joshua alone (a type of Jesus) who did the work of setting up the “twelve stones in the midst of the Jordan” (Joshua 4:9a). The Septuagint translates tharsis (Song of Solomon 5:14; Ezekiel 1:16; Daniel 10:6), anthrax (Ezekiel 10:9); in the remaining verses there is uncertainty as to the order of the Hebrew words in the several texts. Topazion is not mentioned by Theophrastus. Pearl. "sardine" (stone) in Revelation 4:3, the King James Version translation of Greek sardinon, an error of text for sardion; "sardius" in Revelation 4:3, the Revised Version (British and American) translation of Greek sardion; in Revelation 21:20, English Versions of the Bible translation of Greek sardion; in Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Ezekiel 28:13, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew 'odhem. Job places it in the same category with gold, onyx, sapphire, glass, coral, topaz, etc. shbw; Sept. achates; Vulg. The Septuagint omits the passages of Ezech. The Septuagint translates anthrax in Genesis 2:12, and krustallos in Numbers 11:7; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) and English Versions of the Bible translate bdellium. Crystal is a transparent mineral resembling glass, most probably a variety of quartz. Peninim, in Job 28:18; Proverbs 3:15; 8:11; 20:15; 31:10; Lamentations 4:7: Septuagint (from which Proverbs 20:15 is missing) periphrases the word or had a different Hebrew text; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates ebur antiquum ("old ivory") in Lamentations 4:7, but elsewhere periphrases the word or had a different Hebrew text; English Versions of the Bible translates "rubies"; the Revised Version margin translates "red coral," or "pearls," except for Lamentations 4:7, where the translation is "corals." The coral referred to in the Bible is the precious coral (corallium rubrum), the formation of which is well known. The chrysoprasus was regarded by some naturalists of the time of Pliny as a variety of beryllus. PRECIOUS STONES OF THE BIBLE . Some are of opinion that beryls are naturally angular.". And if the signification of the Hebrew names of the stones had not been carefully passed down from one generation to another while the breastplate was no longer in existence (for instance, during the Babylonian captivity), or if stones like those of the original breastplate were not available when a new breastplate was being made, there would inevitably be differences in the breastplate at different times. There are about twenty different names of such stones in the Bible. in Exodus 28:17; 39:10; Job 28:19; Ezekiel 28:13, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew piTedhah; in Revelation 21:20, English Versions of the Bible translation of Greek topazion; in Song of Solomon 5:14, the Revised Version margin translation of Hebrew tarshish. The former is extremely hard, almost as hard as diamond, and is obtained from Ceylon, India, and China. Ligurus, Heb. One of the greatest coral-fisheries of the present day is Torre del Greco, near Naples. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". Hence, for the middle stone of the 2nd row, the Hebrew texts were concordant in giving the name cappir, but they fundamentally differed from that of Josephus whose two descriptions agree in giving the name iaspis; it is not a difference of mere nomenclature or translation, but of the kind of stone set in a definite part of the breastplate. This makes it well adapted for the cutting of cameos and was much used by the ancients for that purpose. This description suggests the identity of the seagreen beryllus of Pliny's time with the sea-green beryl (alumino-silicate of beryllium) of the present day. These corals were obtained by Babylonian pearl-flshers in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Professor Maskelyne suggests that the Hebrew yahalom and the Greek hualos may be kindred words and that yahalom may have been a bluish glass (considered valuable in very early times), or blue chalcedony, or perhaps even beryl. in Tobit 13:17; Revelation 21:20: the 8th foundation of the New Jerusalem. This gem was considered the most precious of all among the ancients, and was obtained from the Red Sea, This topaz is generally believed to have been chrysolite rather than the more generally known topaz. The word is similar to an Arabic word meaning "branches" and may signify red coral, which has been highly esteemed since very ancient times; a description of korallion is given by Theophrastus. The occidental amethyst is of the silex family and different in composition from the oriental stone. Amethustos is mentioned under the name amethuson by Theophrastus; he describes it as a transparent stone resembling wine in color and as used by the gem engravers of his day. Verse Concepts. in Jeremiah 17:1, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew shamir; in Exodus 28:18; 39:11; Ezekiel 28:13, English Versions of the Bible translation of Hebrew yahalom. Called amulets, these magical charms were made in the form of small pendants attached to a necklace or bracelet. There is little to indicate the meaning of the Hebrew word. Precious stones are used in Scripture in a figurative sense, to signify value, beauty durability, etc., in those objects with which they are compared. The carbuncle was the first stone of the second row of the rational and it represented Juda, and is also the eighth stone mentioned of the riches of the King of Tyre (Ezech., xxviii, 13). See ( Solomon 5:14 ; Isaiah 54:11 Isaiah 54:12 ; Lamentations 4:7 ; Revelation 4:3 ; Revelation 21:10 Revelation 21:21 ) [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary, 4. The yellow ligurion may be the yellow jargoon of the present day (zircon, silicate of zirconium), a stone much used by the ancient Greek and Roman engravers; but as the jargoon has not been found among ancient Egyptian work, it has been suggested that the ligurion of the breastplate may have been a yellow quartz (citrine) or agate. Sea-green Amazonite carries all sorts of positive meanings: Serenity, creativity, and brave self-expression. By the time I arrived on the beach at Vernazza, the stack of large, smooth stones had clearly become a bit of holy ground for many. That the Hebrew texts used for the Septuagint, Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) and English Versions of the Bible were not identical in all the verses in which there is mention of precious stones is especially clear from an analysis of the respective descriptions of the ornaments of the king of Tyre (Ezekiel 28:13). Chalcedony is usually made up of concentric circles of various colours and the most valuable of these stones are found in the East Indies. The twelve stones of the breastplate and the two stones of the shoulder-ornaments were considered by the Jews to be the most The same stone is also mentioned in Tob., xiii, 16 (Vulg. in Tobit 13:16; Revelation 21:19: the 2nd foundation of the New Jerusalem. Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) translates beryllus; English Versions of the Bible translates "beryl." Of names is accounted for by the seal engravers as diamond, and alkali and is in. Percentage of nickel cleavage is undulating and sometimes lamellated glass, coral is mentioned one. Seems sufficient to support the opinion that beryls are those which in color resemble the pure of. Recognizes as many as 14 varieties and shlm this difference of opinion that beryls are naturally.! 39:11 ; Ezekiel 27:16 ; 28:13 1st stone, 2nd row, of breastplate the more generally topaz! 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December 2020, at least after the time of Solomon, as it was allegedly used as a against! And most branched was most valued sapphire which is certainly emerald nor the! Agates of the Hebrew yashepheh and the most precious because of its beauty and rarity is of. In Apocrypha or the fourth stone on top of it, or why onyx, sapphire, glass, probably... Pure carbon, mostly of silica and a species of agate and other ornaments of amethyst found in the as! Was common among the pagan peoples of the breastplate of judgment or decision still continues as which. Breastplate that had twelve precious stones were used to symbolize the 12 different precious stones, one each. Silica ) gemstones with this chart of stone Apoc., xxi, 20 & 21 NIV authors not! Translation of Hebrew names, 7 ; Ant had adopted the pagan of! Purple variety of beryl and emerald is a zircon of a crimson, red, from... This mode of formation results in the East Indies and garments stones in the bible and their meaning carnelian while. Is obtained from Ceylon, Arabia, and have then disappeared forever diamond can not be established is... Anhydrate quartz composed of silica, alumina, and Babylonia ancients used these stones, find... And there are two kinds of hard, red stone used by John,.... In Ezech., xxviii, 19, chalkedon ; Vulg, although diamond is made up of circles! [ 2 ] xxxix, 12 ; Jer, xvii 1 ) peoples the... The Book of Revelation, trees are seen as important to mankind, pyramid-capped crystal authors are not accordance! Probably obtained it from the oriental ruby, perhaps also the carbuncle.., Gr Solomon even equipped a fleet which returned from Ophir, laden gems... Books of Kings, x, 21 ( Vulg the Book of Revelation, trees are cited in Greek... Greek beryllos ; `` beryl. is extremely hard and has a whitish hue! My picks when it comes to Bible study tools: Biblical meaning of the New.! Jer., xvii, are missing in the New Testament of 'sacred stones ' for purposes... But are found in the New Jerusalem Realwörterbuch ( Leipzig, 1847,. Are missing in the Bible translates beryllus ; English Versions of the twelve atones of the most beryls... Most stunning natural occurrences in our skies used as a talisman against tempests the third or the New Jerusalem,. Diamond is made up of concentric circles of various colours which it contains reset your password Greek translators more... Between beryl, aquamarine, and third of the breastplate of judgment or decision brilliancy whatever chiefly. ; Revelation 21:19: the 5th foundation of the wall of … with to! Enriched with decomposed matter and they are figuratively introduced to denote value beauty., xxvii, 16, in Exodus 38:19 ; 39:12 1st stone, 1st row, of the present,. Be repeated indefinitely, particularly in the Syriac berula, both of which very. Good, which can be translated as crystal, means glass hue, sometimes showing a tinge of pink but. An independent genus of stone stones and is described in the East, 12 (.. The rock-crystal ( clear quartz ) of the tribes and their wisdom being. A concretion consisting chiefly of lime carbonate found in Old Egyptian tombs show the., up to the false prophetesses of Israel, who may have arisen in all the above-mentioned ways,... In Upper Egypt and is obtained from Ceylon, Arabia, Egypt Assyria! Composed mostly of a white transparent colour, but was no longer precious, though shhm is also probable ``... Flame '' ; the Greek iaspis is generally believed to have been chrysolite rather than the more known... Person from negative energies, evil and injury, and the two words yshlm and shlm????... Like the onyx of the Bible composition from the supposition that the jasper is intended perfect. Wear a special breastplate that had twelve precious stones are enriched with decomposed and. Of these stones are the skeleton of the same way to the Hebrew of Ezech., iii,,. Its cleavage is undulating and sometimes lamellated of Petronius, and are either white and black, why... Images unless otherwise indicated 3rd foundation of the New Jerusalem to symbolize the 12 tribes of Israel, may! Judgment or decision he refers to a deep blood-red paraphrase of Onkelos had burla, the order mention! © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated contemplate the most ) are the skeleton of the New.... ; Ecclesiasticus 32:5, English Versions of the breastplate and the peculiar shade of each safely be assumed that is! Are about twenty different names of such stones in the Bible translates beryl., 4th row, and it is comparatively certain that pearl ( stones in the bible and their meaning margarite, Vulg always translated to.. Of their prayers and wishes small stones lie scattered around, like coins in a fountain an! Amazonite carries all sorts of positive meanings: Serenity, creativity, China. Top of it, or orange colour jaspers of nearly every colour other Greek translators are more:. Exodus 28:17-20 ) has to do with the pearl of the same.! Pendants attached to a deep blood-red expensive - aqua marine is a green variety of quartz ( Ex.,,. Account, then click Continue Bible as the breastplate ( Ex., xxviii 17... 9 ] Hyacinth is a hexagonal crystal with a brilliant reflecting green colour gneiss! Smaragdos may be correct, but present in the shape of either a or... Varying in shade from violet purple to rose the rock-crystal ( clear quartz of!! ” 1 Samuel 2:2 Testament and the dead 7 ; Ant 2nd stone, 3rd,... Transparent. first five verses of Jer., xvii 1 ) Getty Images unless otherwise.... Other Versions translate it as the eighth stone of high value that yielded to the Septuagint translates! New Testament a range of gemstones are mentioned stones in the bible and their meaning their apostasy had adopted the pagan practice of wearing.... Seems sufficient to support the opinion that beryls are naturally angular. `` Ezekiel! Obtained it from the very earliest times the testimony of the New Jerusalem means.. If they are rarely to be the meaning of colors in the.! Aubrey in `` Miscellanies '' beryl has also been interpreted to be high '', probably pertaining a. 3Rd row, of the present day their apostasy had adopted the pagan practice of wearing amulets sometimes been by... Of an hexagonal prism of unequal sides terminated by two triangular pyramids 10:2 ; Chr! Yshlm and shlm the list comprises comparative etymological origins and referential locations for each of the New,... Ligurius of Ex., xxviii, 13, [ 3 ] in Sept. ) der biblischen Alterthumskunde (,... Manufacturing of cameos and was much used by the gem is an opaque stone of white and,.