In the 1880s, a skeleton was found built into one of the abbey's walls. Textual evidence suggests that this was the case in the 12th century, when King Alexander I was marooned on the island, and was said to have been looked after by one in 1123. It was the home of a religious community linked with St Colm or St Columba, the 6th-century Abbot of Iona. Inchcolm Abbey is on the island of Inchcolm in the Firth of Forth. The sailors taking a religious turn, thought that this was due to the wrath of Columba, and returned the statue and treasures to the island, and experienced good weather on their outward journey. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/page/index.php The island is mentioned in Shakespeare's Macbeth, That now Sweno, the Norwayes King, The island forms part of the parish of Aberdour, and lies a quarter of a mile from the shore. It may have served the monks of the Columban family as an "Iona of the east" from early times. Inchcolm is at peace now and attracts visitors to its former Augustine Abbey. A primitive stone-roofed building survived on the island, preserved and given a vaulted roof by the monks of the later abbey, probably served as a hermit's oratory and cell in the 12th century, if not earlier. Inchcolm has a strategic position in the Firth and was repeatedly raided by each side during the old wars between Scotland and England. [10] Early in October 1547, the Earl of Angus attempted to recapture the island with five ships. The island was re-occupied in 1939, when the anti-submarine and anti-boat boom was once again laid across the estuary. It was repeatedly attacked by English raiders during the Wars of Scottish Independence, and was fortified during both World Wars to defend nearby Edinburgh. The ruins are under the care of Historic Scotland (with an entrance charge, accessible by ferry from South Queensferry). The story goes that the ship was nearly wrecked on Inchkeith and had to dock at Kinghorn. The beautiful and historic Inchcolm Island and Abbey are situated in the Firth of Forth just 6 miles from Edinburgh city centre and is known as the ‘Iona of the East’. Walter Bower, Abbot 1418–49, was the author of the Latin Scotichronicon, one of Scotland's most important medieval historical sources. Inchcolm lies in the Firth of Forth off the south coast of Fife opposite Braefoot Bay, east of the Forth Bridge, south of Aberdour, Fife, and north of the City of Edinburgh. There are currently two ferry services and one charter yacht company that operate trips to Inchcolm island, and allow passengers 1.5 hours to explore the island. Area: 22 acres. Function: view, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/index.php The main feature of the island is the former Augustinian Inchcolm Abbey (Historic Scotland), Scotland's most complete surviving monastic house. Though the king died before the promise could be fulfilled, his brother David I later founded a priory here for monks of the Augustinian order; the priory was erected into an abbey in 1223. In the 16th century, the island suffered further English depredation. Inchcolm Island is by far the most beautiful of all of the islands in the Firth of Forth. This was the period of the Scottish Wars of Independence, and decisive battles were being fought in the Lothians and in the Stirling/Bannockburn region, and so the island was effectively in the route of any supply or raiding vessels. As part of these works 576 Cornwall Works Company, Royal Engineers, built a tunnel under the hill at the east end of the island, to link a new battery of guns to their magazine, on the protected side of the island. A 16th-century source states that a stone cross was situated nearby, although no features could be found which related to the monument. http://www.scottish-places.info/features/featurefirst12.html, http://www.ourscotland.co.uk/forthislands/inchcolm.htm, https://wikishire.co.uk/w/index.php?title=Inchcolm&oldid=34150. As well as two Historic Scotland stewards, there is a huge population of seagulls and fulmars on the island. You should add a minimum 1½ hours when landing on Inchcolm Island. In ‘’Macbeth’’ the defeated Norwegians are not specifically said to bury their dead on the island, but it is believed that it was an honoured place to lay the bones of the dead. It may have served the monks of the Columban order as an "Iona of the east" from early times. There are no stoats or hedgehogs on the island; thus, eggs can often be found on the ground. Combine your 90 minute sightseeing cruise with a landing on Inchcolm Island. Line: 107 The name of the isle is from the Gaelic "Innis Choluim", meaning Columba's Island, as it was the site of early heritages and … In 2001 there was a resident population of 2[7] but at the time of the 2011 census there were no "usual residents" recorded.[1]. A Danish force under king Sweyn, the father of Canute raided the island and Fife with an English force. Due to their island location, Inchcolm's religious buildings are in better condition than most of those on the mainland as they could not be so easily destroyed by the "rascally mob" of proactive Reformers. Function: require_once. The First World War engine house (which powered the defence searchlights) was adapted in the 1930s as a visitor centre, which it is still used by Historic Scotland. Inchcolm means “Columba’s Island.” Do you know who St. Columba was? Sir John Luttrell garrisoned the island with 100 hagbutters and 50 labourers on Saturday 17 September 1547. 141 likes. The island was supposedly visited by St Columba, the Irish missionary monk, in 567, and was named after him in the 12th century. Inchcolm Abbey and Island: Incholm Island - See 938 traveler reviews, 511 candid photos, and great deals for South Queensferry, UK, at Tripadvisor. The west end of the island is home to a large colony of seagulls and fulmars. Walter Bower, the Abbot between 1418 and 1449, was the author of the Latin Scotichronicon, one of Scotland's most important mediæval historical sources. Inchcolm (from the Scottish Gaelic Innis Choluim, meaning Columba's Island) is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. The sailors taking a religious turn, thought that this was due to the wrath of Columba, returned the statue and treasures to the island, and experienced good weather on their outward journey. Inchgnome is a small Island next to Inchcolm Island that is home to an ever increasing colony of Gnomes The practice of burying dead on islands in the Highlands is long established, partly so that feral dogs might not dig the corpses up. In modern times it was fortified during both World Wars to defend nearby Edinburgh. Line: 315 Seals are commonly spotted around the island and basking on neighbouring outcrops. Sir John Luttrell garrisoned the island with 100 arquebus men and 50 labourers on Saturday 17 September 1547. Mortimer's Deep, the channel which separates Inchcolm from the mainland, supposedly got its name during this period when some monks of the island who had been tasked with transporting the body of Sir Alan Mortimer to be interred at the church there instead disposed of his coffin in the sea.[9]. It is separated from the Fife mainland by a stretch of water known as Mortimer's Deep. Line: 68 Inchcolm Island. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_harry_book.php In the play, Macbeth buys off the Danes with a "great summe of gold", and tells the Danes they could bury their dead there for "ten thousand dollars". Craves composition: If shown, area and population ranks are for all Scottish islands and all inhabited Scottish islands respectively. In former times, and perhaps partly due to its dedication to Columba, it was sometimes nicknamed 'Iona of the East'. Edinburgh Boat Charters[15] operates year-round from Port Edgar in South Queensferry. The island was part of the mediæval diocese of Dunkeld (also dedicated to St Columba), and several of the mediæval bishops were buried within the Abbey church. The island was part of the medieval diocese of Dunkeld (also dedicated to St Columba), and several of the medieval bishops were buried within the Abbey church. Inchcolm (from the Scottish Gaelic "Innis Choluim", meaning Columba's Island) is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. Contact us today for more information. The island gets a mention in Shakespeare's Macbeth : The reference in Shakespeare is because Inchcolm was long used as an exclusive burial site (much like Iona). The earliest known charter is in 1162, when the canons were already well established, and it was raised to the status of an abbey in 1235. The well-preserved abbey and ruins of the 9th-century hermit's cells attract visitors to the island.[6]. [3] Early in October 1547, the Earl of Angus attempted to recapture the island with five ships. The nearby Inchmickery’s name also commemorates a probable hermit. During both the First World War and the Second World War, Inchcolm was part of the defences of the Firth of Forth. [1] The island forms part of the parish of Aberdour, and lies a quarter of a mile from the shore. Harbour seals are under "serious threat" in the Firth of Forth amid a surge in the population of grey seals, local experts have warned. Inchgnome Island. Inchcolm now attrac In the days when people were compelled to cross the Firth of Forth by boat as opposed to bridge, the island was a great deal less isolated, and on the ferry routes between Leith/Lothian and Fife. It is situated in the Frith of Forth, immediately opposite to Aberdour; and the approach to it The island can be broadly divided into three sections: the east, where its military defensive operations were centred during the Second World War, the lower central part, with the small natural harbour and shop, and a larger western end. Like nearby Inchkeith and the Isle of May, Inchcolm was attacked repeatedly by English raiders in the 14th century. A hogback stone, preserved in the abbey's visitor centre, can be dated to the late 10th century, very early for a Danish / Norse monument of this sort in Britain. Today the island is inhabited by two Historic Scotland stewards who maintain the island and run the shop. Inchcolm is an island in the Firth of Forth belonging to Fife. Textual evidence suggests that this was the case in the 12th century, when King Alexander I was marooned on the island, and was said to have been looked after by one in 1123. Line: 192 The main feature of the island is the former Augustinian Inchcolm Abbey (Historic Scotland), Scotland's most complete surviving monastic house. The ruins are under the care of Historic Scotland (entrance charge; ferry from South Queensferry). The reference in Macbeth hints at Inchcolm’s long use as an exclusive burial site, much like Iona, Columba’s own island. Inchcolm now attracts visitors to its former Augustine Abbey. Line: 479 The practice of burying dead on islands in Scotland is long established – and was partly a deterrent to feral dogs and wolves (still found in Scotland at that point) who might dig up the corpses and eat them. Inchcolm was anciently known as ‘’Emona’’, ‘’Aemonia’’ or ‘’Innis Choluim’’, the latter giving today’s name. An inventory of 8 January 1548 lists the English armaments on the island as; one culverin; one demi-culverin; 3 iron sakers; a brass saker; 2 |iron falcons; 3 brass falcons; 4 fowlers; 2 port pieces; 14 bases; 90 arquebuses, 2 chests of bows; 50 pikes; and 40 bills. King Alexander I was storm-bound on the island for three days in 1123 and in recognition of the shelter given to him by the hermits, promised to establish a monastic settlement in honour of St Columba. Function: view, Later Middle Ages and early modern period, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003), "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands", Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two), Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inchcolm&oldid=1002168921. According to legend, the famous saint visited this island in 567, and was probably the one who initiated its long Christian legacy. Currently two ferry services operate trips to Inchcolm island, and allow passengers an hour and a half to explore the island. It was repeatedly attacked by English raiders during the Wars of Scottish Independence, and was fortified during both World Wars to defend nearby Edinburgh. Inchcolm (from the Scottish Gaelic "Innis Choluim", meaning Columba's Island) is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland . The tunnel is dated 1916–17. The island Alexander decided to make the island the site of an Augustinian monastery. Fragments of carved stonework from the Dark Ages testify to an early Christian presence on the island. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The well-preserved abbey and ruins of the 9th-century hermit's cells attract visitors to the island.[1]. The hermit's cell (site 2144), rebuilt in the fourteenth/fifteenth century can still be seen today in the garden of the abbey. It was standing upright and is of unknown date. The story goes that the ship was nearly wrecked on Inchkeith and had to dock at Kinghorn. During both the First World War and the Second World War, Inchcolm was fortified, like many of the other islands of the Forth in order to defend Edinburgh and Leith and the naval base at Rosyth. Album : Photographs of Scotland Inchcolm Island Landing Stage Firth of Forth We spent a delightful afternoon sailing from Hawes Pier , just under the magnificent Forth Bridge at South Queensferry on the Firth of Forth. Coordinates: 56°01′45″N 3°18′0″W / 56.02917°N 3.30000°W / 56.02917; -3.30000, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_modal.php Seals can be seen on the approach to the island. Population: 2. Longitude: -3.302° or 3° 18' 7.2" west. It was standing upright and is of unknown date. In the 16th century it became the property of Sir James Stewart, whose grandson became third Earl of Moray by virtue of his marriage to the elder daughter of the first earl. In addition to the battery of guns, 576 Cornwall Works Company, Royal Engineers, built a tunnel under the hill at the east end of the island. Its buildings, including a widely visible square tower, largely ruined church, cloisters, refectory and small chapter house, are the best preserved of any Scottish medieval monastic house. Inchcolm (from the Scottish Gaelic "Innis Choluim", meaning Columba's Island) is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. The Maid of the Forth and the Forth Belle both operate from the Hawes Pier in South Queensferry between Easter and late October. Your Inchcolm Island stock images are ready. The earliest known charter is in 1162, when the canons were already well established, and it was raised to the status of an abbey in 1235. The defences were intended to protect the naval anchorage between Inchcolm and the Forth Rail Bridge (as there was no longer room above the bridge to moor all the ships based in the Forth). In 1547, after the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, Inchcolm was fortified by the English, like nearby Inchgarvie - while Inchkeith was occupied by their Italian mercenaries for two years. Function: view, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/controllers/Main.php Alexander decided to make the island the site of an Augustinian monastery. Population data is from 2001 census . He was an Irish monk who spread the Christian gospel to Scotland way back in the Early Medieval Period; he is known as the apostle to the Picts. Amongst those interned here were, Archbishop Patrick Graham of St Andrews, along with Euphemia/Affrica (Oighrig), mother of Alexander, Lord of the Isles. In the 16th century it became the property of Sir James Stewart, whose grandson became third Earl of Moray by virtue of his marriage to the elder daughter of the first earl. Repeatedly attacked by English raiders during the Wars of Scottish Independence, it was fortified during both World Wars to defend nearby Edinburgh. [8] It may have been used by the Roman fleet in some capacity, as they had a strong presence at Cramond for a few years, and had to travel to the Antonine Wall. Geography [6] The island forms part of the parish of Aberdour, and lies a quarter of a mile from the shore. 29 likes. Fragments of carved stonework from the Dark Ages testify to an early Christian presence on the island. Inchcolm now attracts visitors to its former Augustine Abbey. Photo about Landscape of Inchcolm Island, Scotland. A 16th century source states that a stone cross was situated nearby, although no features could be found which related to the monument. King Alexander I was storm-bound on the island for three days in 1123 and in recognition of the shelter given to him by the hermits, promised to establish a monastic settlement in honour of St Columba. In 1335, there was an especially bad raid by an English ship when the abbey's treasures were stolen, along with a statue of Columba. Inchcolm was the HQ of what were called in the First World War the 'Middle defences', the main element of which was a continuous anti-submarine and anti-boat boom across the river. Inchcolm was anciently known as Emona, Aemonia or Innis Choluim. Jan 12, 2021 - Inchcolm Abbey was established on this island originally as a priory by David I in 1235. Optional landing on Inchcolm Island. There are no stoats or hedgehogs on the island; thus, eggs can often be found on the ground. Paul Richards Photography Travel & Fine Art Photographer based in Coldingham in the Scottish Borders It may have been used by the Roman fleet in some capacity, as they had a strong presence at Cramond for a few years. Location: Fife, North East Scotland, Scotland, United Kingdom, Britain and Ireland, Europe. Like other centres of Culdee activity, the island was used as a home for hermits. The tunnel is dated 1916-17. The island forms part of the parish of Aberdour, and lies a quarter of a mile from the shore. No need to register, buy now! In 1547, after the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, Inchcolm was fortified by the English, like nearby Inchgarvie - while Inchkeith was occupied by their Italian mercenaries for two years. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/page/index.php This page was last modified on 15 October 2015, at 10:47. Due to their island location, Inchcolm’s religious buildings are in better condition than most of those on the mainland as they could not be so easily destroyed by the iconoclasts of the Reformation. Inchcolm is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. It was repeatedly attacked by English raiders during the Wars of Scottish Independence, and was fortified during both World Wars to defend nearby Edinburgh. It is believed that this was named after William de Mortimer.[2]. Population: 2. Like nearby Inchkeith and the Isle of May, Inchcolm was attacked repeatedly by English naval raiders in the 14th century. Nor would we deigne him buriall of his men, Ten thousand Dollars, to our generall use. In the 16th century, the island suffered further English depredation. Latitude: 56.0288° or 56° 1' 43.6" north. Many features of both wars survive, including a First World War drying hut, and the brick building in which the staff of the NAAFI lived in the Second World War. Repeatedly attacked by English raiders during the Wars of Scottish … It is separated from the Fife mainland by a stretch of water known as Mortimer's Deep. Image of migration, aquatic, island - 96709750 The island was also used as a kind of prison. You are here. Data. inchcolm an island in the Firth of Forth, near Aberdour, on the Fife coast, so called as the residence of St. Columba when engaged in the conversion of the Northern Picts; has the remains of an abbey founded by Alexander I. Inchcolm Abbey and Island, South Queensferry : consultez 938 avis, articles et 506 photos de Inchcolm Abbey and Island, classée n°1 sur 20 activités à South Queensferry sur Tripadvisor. Inchcolm Island in the Firth of Forth is home to a population of black rats, a survey has revealed.The small island draws thousands of tourists a year to its 12th-century Augustinian abbey. Inchcolm is an island in the Firth of Forth belonging to Fife. A hogback stone, preserved in the abbey's visitor centre, can be dated to the late 10th century, making it probably Scotland's earliest type of monument originating among Danish settlers in northern England. The Maid of the Forth[13] and the Forth Belle[14] both operate from the Hawes Pier in South Queensferry between Easter and late October. A primitive stone-roofed building survived on the island, preserved and given a vaulted roof by the monks of the later abbey, probably served as a hermit's oratory and cell in the 12th century, if not earlier. It was supposedly visited by St Columba (an Irish missionary monk) in 567, and was named after him in the 12th century. From it comes the earl's title of Lord St Colme (1611). An inventory of 8 January 1548 lists the English armaments on the island as; one culverin; one demi-culverin; 3 iron sakers; a brass saker; 2 iron falcons; 3 brass falcons; 4 fowlers; 2 port pieces; 14 bases; 90 arquebuses, 2 chests of bows; 50 pikes; and 40 bills. The defences of Inchcolm were significantly strengthened in 1916-17 when it was decided to move the Grand Fleet from Scapa Flow to the Forth. The island was also used as a prison. Set sail for a very special island in the Firth of Forth – home to Scotland’s best-preserved group of … Inchcolm now attracts visitors to its former Augustinian Abbey. The remains of a NAAFI still remain, and are used as a small shop by Historic Scotland. Inchcolm Abbey and Island: boat trip and abbey - See 938 traveler reviews, 511 candid photos, and great deals for South Queensferry, UK, at Tripadvisor. Line: 24 Incholm is the only island in the Firth with a recent resident population, of whom there were two in the 2001 census although there was no usually resident population recorded at the time of the 2011 census. This was at the height of the Scottish wars and decisive battles were being fought in the Lothians around Stirling, and so the island was effectively in the route of any supply or raiding vessels. The island can be broadly divided into three sections: the east, where its military defensive operations were centred during the Second World War, the lower central part, with the small natural harbour and shop, and a larger western end. Like other centres of Culdee activity, the island was used as a home for hermits. [4] The English commander, John Luttrell, abandoned the island and destroyed the fortifications he had made at the end of April 1548.[5]. Highest point: 112 feet. Population: 2: References: Inchcolm (from the Scottish Gaelic "Innis Choluim", meaning Columba's Island) is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. In former times, and perhaps partly due to its dedication to Columba, it was sometimes nicknamed 'Iona of the East'. Description: island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. Inchcolm Island 29/04/2014 12h15 Sailing along Inchcolm island with the Augustinian Inchcolm Abbey as its major attraction. Amongst those interned here were, Archbishop Patrick Graham of St Andrews, along with Euphemia/Affrica (Oighrig), mother of Alexander, Lord of the Isles. In 1384, an English raid attempted to set alight Inchcolm Abbey, but this again was foiled by the weather – in this case a strong wind blew out the flames. Today the island is inhabited by two Historic Scotland stewards who maintain the island and run the shop. Message: Undefined variable: user_membership, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_modal.php It was the home of a religious community linked with St Colm or St Columba, the 6th-century Abbot of Iona. If you wish to go ashore at Inchcolm Island you need to purchase a landing pass. There is a resident custodian employed by Historic Scotland who maintains the island and runs the shop during the summer. Seals are commonly spotted around the island and basking on neighbouring outcrops. Inchcolm Abbey is a medieval abbey located on the island of Inchcolm in the Firth of Forth in Scotland.The Abbey, which is located at the centre of the island, was founded in the 12th century during the episcopate of Gregoir, Bishop of Dunkeld.Later tradition placed it even earlier, in the reign of King Alexander I of Scotland (1107–24), who probably had some involvement in the island… In the days when people were compelled to cross the Firth of Forthby boat as opposed to bridge, the island was a great deal less isolated… Edinburgh impressario Richard Demarco set a production of Shakespeare's Macbeth at Inchcolm Abbey at the Edinburgh Fringe in 1987 and 1988. Hector Boece corroborates the claim that the Danes paid good money to have their dead buried there in the 11th century. Inchcolm is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. Inchcolm lies in the Firth of Forth off the south coast of Fife opposite Braefoot Bay, east of the Forth Bridge, south of Aberdour, Fife, and north of the City of Edinburgh. Inchcolm lies in the Firth of Forth off the south coast of Fife opposite Braefoot Bay, east of the Forth Bridge, south of Aberdour, Fife, and north of the City of Edinburgh. Inchcolm lies in the Firth of Forth off the south coast of Fife opposite Braefoot Bay, east of the Forth Bridge, south of Aberdour, Fife, and north of the City of Edinburgh.It is separated from the Fife mainland by a stretch of water known as Mortimer's Deep. The west end of the island is home to a large colony of seagulls and fulmars. Though the king died before the promise could be fulfilled, his brother David I later founded a priory here for monks of the Augustinian order; the priory was erected into an abbey in 1223. Line: 478 It is located 4 miles east of the Forth Bridge, 1 mile from the Fife coast near Aberdour and just 6 miles as the crow flies from Edinburgh City Centre (Google map link here).. Inchcolm Island Inchcolm (from the Scottish Gaelic "Innis Choluim", possibly meaning Columba's Island) is an island in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. Till he disbursed, at Saint Colmes ynch, Are you sure you want to cancel your membership with us? Line: 208 Home; Marine Licence Application - Pier Remedial Works - Inchcolm Pier, Inchcolm Island - 07215 The nearby Inchmickery’s name also commemorates a probable hermit. It is separated from the Fife mainland by a stretch of water known as Mortimer's Deep. Learn a little of the history of Inchcolm Abbey, originally a priory founded by David I, and find out what to see when you visit Inchcolm Island. Category:Historic building, Historic site, Island, Military, Religious site Suitable for ages: 5to 10 years, 11 to 18 years, 18+ years, 65+ years Ideal for:Couples, Families, Groups, Solo travellers I rate it:9 out of 10 Find the perfect inchcolm island stock photo. Its buildings, including a widely visible square tower, largely ruined church, cloisters, refectory and small chapter house, are the best-preserved of any Scottish mediæval monastic house. INCHCOLM, an island, in the parish of Aberdour, district of Dunfermline, county of Fife, 1½ mile (S. by W.) from Aberdour; containing 5 inhabitants. Function: _error_handler, Message: Invalid argument supplied for foreach(), File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_modal.php It was founded as a priory in 1123 by David I and, according to legend, the foundation occurred after his predecessor - Alexander I - was sheltered by a hermit on the island. In 1384, an English raid attempted to set alight Inchcolm Abbey, but this again was foiled by the weather – in this case a strong wind blew out the flames. From it comes the Earl's subsidiary title of Lord St Colme (1611). [11] The English commander, John Luttrell, abandoned the island and destroyed the fortifications he had made at the end of April 1548.[12]. In the days before the Forth was bridged and all traffic was by ferry, the island was a great deal less isolated as it was on the ferry routes between Midlothian and Fife. Between Aberdour and Inchcolm is the channel called "Mortimer's Deep". In the 1880s, a skeleton was found built into one of the abbey’s walls. It is the best-preserved group of monastic buildings in Scotland. The name of the isle is from the Gaelic "Innis Choluim", meaning Columba's Island, as it was the site of early heritages and later a monastery inspired by St Columba. 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