A total of 947 children (19% girls and 81% boys) were present in the country as of December 2019, 17% less compared to December 2018, but slightly more compared to the caseload in June 2019. Most of the aprehended people were from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. BGN, above the Bulgarian minimum wage (560 BGN or 320 USD), but just under the national average of 868 BGN.6 In Sofia, where most refugees in Bulgaria reside and work, the average salary is significantly higher – 1181 BGN.7 Refugee families, many of whom are relatively large8 and therefore Today, most of its temporary residents are Syrians. Bulgaria + 9 more. It all began back in 2002 when the Bulgarian Red Cross started a 3-day course of social orientation in favor of refugees. In 2013, due principally to the war in Syria, Bulgaria found itself in the middle of international migration flows like never before. This report was written by Iliana Savova, Director, Refugee and Migrant Legal Programme, Bulgarian Helsinki Committee and was edited by ECRE. In the last quarter of 2013, it received more than 7,000 asylum applications – around 10 times the annual average for the past 10 years. The platform offers access to user-friendly information resources facilitating the work of municipal staff and other stakeholders involved in the process of refugee integration. The majority of applications are from citizens of the former Soviet Union (in particular, Chechnya and Ukraine. [1]  SAR, Statistics and reports, available at: https://bit.ly/2ur0Y1a. A Syrian refugee girl plays on a swing at a refugee centre in the town of Harmanli southeast of Sofia January 21, 2014. This increase in migrants has posed difficulties at the borders and for the people and economy of Bulgaria. Many contemporary Bulgarians are direct descendants of waves of refugees who were successfully integrated into Bulgarian society over the last two centuries. This massive influx quickly caused an overflow in Bulgaria’s ill-prepared refugee camps. By 1922, more than a quarter of all Russian refugees had settled in Germany, 360,000 in Berlin alone. Asylum, … Map data © 2013 Basarsoft, Google, INEGI, MapLink, ORION-ME – Terms of Use, Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update, List of authorities intervening in each stage of the procedure, Number of staff and nature of the first instance authority, Border procedure (border and transit zones), Legal representation of unaccompanied children, Information for asylum seekers and access to NGOs and UNHCR, Provision of information on the procedure, Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure, Criteria and restrictions to access reception conditions, Forms and levels of material reception conditions, Reduction or withdrawal of reception conditions, Special reception needs of vulnerable groups, Information for asylum seekers and access to reception centres, Access to reception centres by third parties, Differential treatment of specific nationalities in reception, Differential treatment of specific nationalities in detention, 2019 as the sixth “zero integration year”, Cessation and review of protection status, ANNEX – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation. More Videos. Download the fact sheet in PDF format Refugees in BulgariaInfogram As a result, more than 900 people are currently living in the main reception centre in Sofia at the State Agency for Refugees, which was built with a 600-person capacity. As a result, more than 900 people are currently living in the main reception centre in Sofia at the State Agency for Refugees, which was built with a 600-person capacity. History. “Vrazhdebna”literally means “hostile” – an appropriate term, ironically, as hostility in Bulgaria to refugees has grown significantly since 2013, when the refugee crisis reached Bulgaria. Detention, including of unaccompanied children, remained a routine practice. In 2013, due principally to the war in Syria, Bulgaria found itself in the middle of international migration flows like never before. Reception and accommodation conditions, including food provision, for migrants and asylum-seekers remained inadequate, despite the significantly reduced number of people entering Bulgaria. Irregular migrants in detention centres had limited access to legal representation, interpretation or health care, including essential psychological and psychiatric care. Bulgaria borders Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia and Romania, making it a favorable route for migrants as they are able to spread throughout Europe. Having failed to overthrow the new regime, the Bolsheviks’ opponents fled Russia. Russian opposition activist Yevgeny Chupov, who fled Russia in 2019 fearing possible prosecution for his political activities, has received refugee status in Bulgaria. Around 20 beneficiaries of the organization participated in the course in order to exchange their ideas and experience. Almost no one from Afghanistan got asylum in Bulgaria last year. A lack of electricity, water and medical care at many locations has drawn negative attention and criticism from around the globe. Related Videos. The refugees in Bulgaria have primarily been Kurds of Syrian descent. In 2017 it crept up even more: More than 6 out of every 10 asylum applications got rejected last year. Bulgarian Helsinki Committee. More than 10,000 people came to Bulgaria during a wave of refugees who arrived in Europe from 2013 to 2014. Later groups to arrive were Armenian refugees, White Russians, and foreign students. The majority of the refugees had come from Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq. The figures, from the State Agency for Refugees, emerged a day after Bulgaria’s National Assembly approved an all-party resolution barring the government from signing bilateral agreements on the return of […] They include refugees who fled in the 1990s, as well as more recent arrivals who fled to Rwanda during the 2012-2013 renewed hostilities in eastern DRC. The refugee crisis has not ended and a wave of 3-4 million people is expected to reach Europe in the spring. A process of immigration of ethnic non-Bulgarians to Bulgaria began after the country's liberation from Ottoman rule and the restoration of the Bulgarian state in 1878. Immigration Detention in Bulgaria: Fewer Migrants and Refugees, More Fences (April 2019) Format Analysis Source. In Bulgaria the attitude towards refugees and the migration problem as a whole, is not straightforward. As the refugee crisis shows no … The amount includes granted refugees but no asylum seekers. The majority of refugees arriving in Bulgaria are Syrian, according to government figures, many from the Kurdish ethnic group. The refugee crisis has superceded refugees and countries are being forced to choose sides. For a while Bulgaria struggled to handle the influx, setting up new centres and retrofitting long-abandoned communist-era buildings in an attempt to house them all. Asylum Information Database | European Council on Refugees and Exiles, The State Agency for Refugees (SAR) publishes monthly statistical reports on asylum applicants and main nationalities, as well as overall first instance decisions. Bulgaria has been criticized for its handling of the migrant crisis. The programme assists undocumented third country nationals (TCNs) staying in Bulgaria. Bulgaria’s economy ranks 47th in the world, with 78 percent of Bulgarian citizens saying that the increase in refugees has created a strain on the economy. Visit website. Statistics from the State Agency for Refugees. If I’m lucky, there will be a free spot on one of the many benches, so I can sit down and take it all in. Refugees in Bulgaria Alessandro Penso Share. The first wave of immigrants, mainly from Central and Eastern Europe, brought skills needed in the creation of the new state. Syrian refugees in Bulgaria. Home ... Click on the column headers to re-sort and explore the data to see how many of the 160,000 refugees your country has taken in. – The Huffington Post, https://borgenproject.org/wp-content/uploads/The_Borgen_Project_Logo_small.jpg, Water Quality in the United Arab Emirates, In 2016, the Asylum Information Database reported that there were. But most refugees, like Kouaho, quickly find they don’t want to stay in Bulgaria, and this only adds to Europe’s problem of controlling the mass migration of refugees flowing into the continent. The majority of applications are from citizens of the former Soviet Union (in particular, Chechnya and Ukraine. The data are based on the results of censuses, as well as on estimates and projections of the United Nations Population Division. The United Nations High Commission for Refugees estimates that about 200 people now arrive in Bulgaria each week; the rate will likely only grow … (MORE: Jihad for Beginners: Westerners Fighting With al-Qaeda in Syria) A day later, two Bulgarian men allegedly stabbed and wounded a 17-year-old Syrian boy outside a school where some of the 8,000 refugees who have entered Bulgaria this year are housed in pitiful conditions. The Ministry of Interior also publishes monthly reports on the migration situation, which include figures on apprehension, capacity and occupancy of reception centres. This increased the number of migrants using the Mediterranean Sea, the deadliest migrant route to date. A Place Called Pakistan - The World's Highest Border . Bulgaria will be most directly affected by any new wave of refugees but both Bulgaria and Romania are following the growing tensions between Turkey … The Center for Legal Aid “Voice in Bulgaria” published a report on its findings about the legal and humanitarian aspects of the detentions of over 30,000 migrants and asylum seekers in 2015 and over 5,000 during the first five months of 2016. Bulgaria is the gateway to Europe for refugees who flee Syria. For the latest statistics on Congolese refugees in Rwanda please click here. A Bulgarian startup has found remote work in the AI industry for hundreds of refugees in the Balkans and the Middle East. Visit Bulgaria All Programmes BREAKING NEWS. [2] Ministry of Interior, Migration statistics, available at: https://bit.ly/372jvz7. Since 1989 the number of people applying for refugee status in Poland has risen from about 1,000 to 10,000 each year; about 1–2% of the applications are approved. Most never returned, settling instead in "temporary" refugee camps in Turkey, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece. Refugee centres in Bulgaria are almost empty and there has been a significant decline in applications for protection, Bulgarian National Television said on July 21. The main refugee camp in Bulgaria is Harmanli Center, which at one point held up nearly 3,000 Afghan refugees. A process of immigration of ethnic non-Bulgarians to Bulgaria began after the country's liberation from Ottoman rule and the restoration of the Bulgarian state in 1878. 03 March 2021, Bulgaria Liberation Day 30 April 2021, Easter Good Friday 03 May 2021, Easter Monday 13 May 2021, Eid Al Fitr 24 May 2021, Day of the Slavonic Alphabet 20 July 2021, Eid al Adha 06 September 2021, Bulgaria Unification Day 22 September 2021, Bulgaria Independence Day 24 December 2021, Christmas Eve Of the 27,000 refugee present in Greece by the end of 2018, 57 percent live in urban areas. Since 1989 the number of people applying for refugee status in Poland has risen from about 1,000 to 10,000 each year; about 1–2% of the applications are approved. 3 The numbers of inhabitants of the three locations are given according to the “Population by towns and sex” data of the National Statistical Institute as of the end of 2016. Refugees in Poland are a relatively small group. Harmanli is a former military base located 50 kilometers from the Turkish border where until early 2017, asylum-seekers were living in tents, as their numbers overwhelmed existing shelter on the base. The United Nations High Commission for Refugees is predicting that close to 500,000 more refugees will reach Europe’s borders in 2016. Migrants arriving in Bulgaria through Turkey decreased by 5,501 in the year following the creation of the wall. The State Agency for Refugees (SAR) publishes monthly statistical reports on asylum applicants and main nationalities, as well as overall first instance decisions. 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