Trapping is very effective for a zone defense. The trap on a wing from a 2-3 zone defense involves the ball-side forward and the ball-side guard. This is stupid, and definitely not true. As the opposing team moves with the basketball around the court, the zone as a whole shifts accordingly. As a result, it takes longer for an offense to take a shot, and therefore slows the tempo of the game. But I’ve found if used at the right time and against the right player, this trap can be very successful. The two forwards (3 and 4) must immediately. 2-3 Zone. 3. The ball-side guard is sagging into the lane to prevent a pass inside and to discourage the drive. This trap also occurs on all baseline drives to the ring. Tempo Control – A good zone defense can dictate how fast the game is played. However, like all zone defenses it does have weaknesses. Although, if you have a smaller team, you might require everyone to crash the boards. These answers to these three questions will decide at which tempo you play the game. Youth. This is a well-designed play to spread the defense and get Henson open in a favorable position in the paint. Degree of difficulty—because the 2–3 zone relies so heavily on well-timed teamwork, each individual player must know exactly where to be at all times. Congratulations, you’ve made it through a 4,000+ word article on the 2-3 zone defense and should now have a thorough understanding of how it works. Discourage 3-point attempts with your zone defense to limit your opponent's scoring ceiling Simplify the roles and responsibilities associated with traditional 2-3 zone defenses to reduce poor rotations Make use of positional breakdown drills to reinforce zone concepts and … 3, 5, and 4 crash their respective sides of the hoops while 2 gets a body on the offensive 5 player. When the pass from the wing is made to the player in the corner, the ball-side guard (2) immediately follows the pass and will trap the player with the forward (4) that is closing out. Play a patient zone with minimal traps. It consists of a defense where each player is assigned to a zone, and then they have to move accordingly to where the offense sets up and where the ball is on the court. Advantages of a 2-3 Zone Defense. The first and most common zone defense is a 2-3 zone. When the ball makes it into the high post we’re now in a very vulnerable position. It’s important that the players don’t foul on the trap and they force the offensive player to throw the ball high over the trap to give your other players a chance to steal the ball. Being in stance makes it quicker to react when a pass is made or a potential steal opportunity arises. The corner trap in a 2-3 zone defense is by far the most effective trap you can use in a 2-3 zone. Players must not make it easy for the offensive team inside. If the point guard at the top of the key is a good shooter and within shooting distance, we must respect the shot by one of the guards playing them. As for the trapping, I don't think you limit trapping to a type of defense. Structure when ball is on the wing and the corner is free. Decide how aggressive your players will be on the ball. Ball Pressure – Ball pressure will depend on how aggressive of a zone your team is playing. The defense must keep their hands up and active at all times to discourage passes inside and get deflections. Teams Aren’t Patient – The number one way to beat a zone is with smart passing and being patient until you get a good shot. Rebounding must be a constant emphasis when coaching a 2-3 zone defense. Structure when there is a player in the corner. It is very difficult to target just one defensive player in the 2–3 because the zone is always shifting and players work together. Major weak spots wings and middle. If you have an athletic and quick team you should be trapping often and being aggressive on the ball. The 2-3 zone defense is one of the most popular and common setups for teams on defense. Great Outside Shooting – The biggest disadvantage of a 2-3 zone defense is that it can struggle against great outside shooting teams. Match up with him, no matter where he is. This help from the forwards allows two guards to play against three offensive players on the perimeter. This makes it much easier to play a 2-3 zone defense. The widespread use of the 2–3 zone is likely due to its somewhat intuitive operation. You have to decide on your own philosophy regarding rebounding depending on the personnel of your team. Use Ball-Screens | 8 Ways to beat a Zone Defense. O2 sets up on the left wing, v-cuts and gets the pass from O1. Some teams simply can’t play against a 2-3 zone defense, so use it! You can also use this trap against weak or unconfident ball-handlers. You can get the guard to completely deny the pass back outside and force the corner player to make a decision and be aggressive. No layupsThis point may seem like the odd one out but it must be included. The ball-side forward (4) should be in the short corner or fronting the low post player if there is one. The weak-side forward (3) should be a few steps up the lane preparing to pick off any skip passes the player with the ball might make. It is more important to guard an open player than stay within the normal constraints of the zone. This type of zone defense is usually best suited against teams with average or below average perimeter shooters. In 1938, Marshall University upset Long Island University, to snap their 40-game winning streak. Structure when the ball is in the high post. The top two guards (1 and 2) must sprint at the ball-handler with high hands to prevent easy passes over the top and then trap him aggressively. The widespread use of the 2–3 zone is likely due to its somewhat intuitive operation. Here we’re going to discuss the different types of traps you can use in a 2-3 zone and I’ll also include how often I think you should use each one. I’m not going to get into depth on the topic in this article (I’ll save that for a later post), instead, if you want to read further on the subject, read this article from Breakthrough Basketball and make sure to watch the video by Stan Van Gundy. Should you deny the ball to a certain player? I prefer to channel the ball towards the baseline as this makes it harder to pass to the high post and forces the offensive player towards our bigger defenders. Although it is a zone defense, players should always be aware of the offensive players' locations on the floor. Click the blue link to read the individual post Related Posts:Combination Defense AttackMan to Man 3 Point Shot PlaysDefenseBackdoor PlaysBaseline Inbound PlaysSideline Inbound PlaysBall Screen SetsHorns SetsDefensive DrillsCompetitive Drills This is probably the 2–3's most obvious Achilles' heel. The two forwards (3 and 4) immediately sprint out to deny the wing players as this is where the point guard will often look to pass first. In the video and diagrams below, you are given multiple ways to beat a 2-3 zone defense with a side ball screen. Teams Aren’t Prepared for a Zone – Every team prides themselves on their man-to-man offense and set plays. He does some great X's and O's stuff from college and pro teams. Should you immediately trap a certain player every time they touch the ball? Note that in a 2-3 zone defense we don’t actively deny the pass to the wing players. The 2–3 essentially fills the middle of the court and is very effective at preventing penetration into the lane and heart of the defense, leaving the perimeter as an offense's most accessible option. 4. If it works, it works. Want a faster tempo? The strength of the zone is in the key so there will be help. For example, in a 2–3 zone two defenders cover areas in the top of the zone (near the top of the key) while three defenders cover areas near the baseline. To effectively operate the 2–3 zone, a defense must move as a whole. 2. In 1914, Eli Camden "Cam" Henderson's Bristol High School first used a 3–2 zone defense against Clair Bee's team, Grafton YMCA, in West Virginia. There are 6 mains spots on the court the offensive team will have the ball against a 2-3 zone defense: Basic setup when the ball is at the top of the key. The first trap you can use is on the point guard right as they come across the half-court line. We don’t want to give away what we’re doing or give them an easy pass out of it. With Syracuse being the top-ranked team in the NCAA, its 2-3 zone defense will be the focus of broadcasters, journalists and sports fans alike. The video is from Zak Boisvert. Decide how many players will crash the boards. Stress to your players that the steal doesn’t often come directly from the trapping players, it comes from the interception by the other defenders. The biggest difference between a man-to-man and a zone defense is that instead of being responsible for a certain offensive player, all defensive players are instead responsible for an area of the court. The zone defense was used because the gym floor was made of green pine and it was very slippery when wet, when the roof leaked.[1]. Protects the Paint – The 2-3 zone is a great defense to keep the ball as far away from the hoop as possible. Everyone must communicateCommunication is critical to every defense and that includes the 2-3 zone. Too often I hear coaches voice that “a 2-3 zone defense should ONLY used by big and slow teams”. A 2-3 Zone Defense has players focused on guarding an area rather than specific player. 1 - 2 - 2 Zone Major strength outside shooting. If any player doesn’t fulfil their role, other defenders will have to compensate and it will lead to open gaps and usually easy scores for the other team. The two guards (1 and 2) must close in to the ball and try and force the high-post player to pass the ball out, but be ready to sprint out and defend the wings if the pass is made to either one. The image shows the normal positions for when the ball is in the corner. He must be in line with the lowest of the two players to prevent a lob or back-door pass. The image shows the main areas each position is responsible for but keep in mind that they definitely do overlap at times depending on where the ball is on the court. The 2-3 zone defense is the most commonly used zone defense, designed to stop the inside game. However, when I used a 2-3 zone, it wasn't a constant trap. Similarly, if that player moved to the right corner, the 4 player would move to guard him and the rest of the defense would shift towards that direction. The center (5) fronts the post and is ready to sprint out and pick off or defend the player in the corner temporarily. Decide how often and where you’ll trap. Yes, it’s very effective in youth basketball. 3. You might have noticed that we skipped the short corner/post section when we were going over general positions. 1-2-2 Press – Complete Coaching Guide (Includes Images), 6 Tips for the Perfect Defensive Stance in Basketball, The Amoeba Defense – Complete Coaching Guide, Triangle and 2 Defense – Complete Coaching Guide, this article from Breakthrough Basketball, How to Create a Youth Basketball Practice Plan, Parents: Please Stop Ruining Youth Sports, Zone Defense is Terrible for Youth Basketball, 21 Life Lessons Kids Learn Through Youth Sports, How to Win Every Youth Basketball Game (8 Terrible Tactics), 1-3-1 Zone Defense – Complete Coaching Guide. That’s why we need to keep it out of there! Barely ever. This consists of two guards at the top of the key, positioned at the elbows and three forwards down in the paint; 2 post players are on the blocks and 1 player guards the middle. 2. To combat this, we have the closest forward help out by closing out on the wing player to prevent the shot, before getting bumped back down to their normal position when the guard responsible for that area arrives. BFC Recommendation: Trap the short corner/post every time. You see, the problem with a 2-3 zone is that the two guards at the top are responsible for guarding three positions around the perimeter; the top of the key, and the two wings. "Hiding" poor defensive players—because the 2–3 zone is so team-oriented, players who are less effective defensively are less likely to be exploited by the offense. If teams are able to effectively make passes inside the zone the whole floor opens up for the offensive team. The second guard takes the first pass using bump help from the forwards and then the point guard falls back into their position. The 2-3 zone is the most commonly used zone defense. If it works, keep using it. If you’re not trapping (which we’ll talk about soon), the two main options you have to decide on is in regard to the ball-side guard. Gaps in the zone—there are a few areas on the court that often cause breakdowns in the 2–3 zone, especially at the high-. 2. Also situations against the pick n … Will Limit Fouling – Due to a combination of factors, players simply don’t foul as much while playing in a zone defense. Play a more aggressive trapping zone. In 2003, Syracuse University coach Jim Boeheim led his team to an NCAA Tournament championship playing the 2–3 zone, which has become Boeheim's trademark. This page was last edited on 9 September 2020, at 08:58. I could argue for hours the reasons you shouldn’t use a zone defense in youth basketball (and have had to too many times, unfortunately)…. 3. Major weak spots wings and center of floor. The on-ball guard (2) should be in either a neutral stance or forcing the ball towards the baseline depending on the coaches preference. While I don’t recommend using this as your primary defense, the 2-3 zone is a fantastic change-up defense to throw a different look at your opponent and see how they respond to it. Fewer offensive plays—There are far fewer zone offenses than there are man-to-man offenses to prepare for as a defense. Run Shooters off the 3-point Line – As we’re stuck closing out often in a 2-3 zone, if you line up against a great 3-point shooting team, run the shooters off the three-point line and make them put the ball on the floor. If you have a bigger team, then you may only need your forwards and center to rebound and your guards can leak out for fast break opportunities. It is referred to as the 2–3 because of its formation on the court, which consists of two players at the front of the defense (closer to half court) and three players behind (closer to the team's basket). We'd do it a few times a game out of our normal set. The player does this by coming across and making sure there isn’t anyone flashing down from the high post (a common pass). Rebounding is an area that you must judge differently on each team you coach and there’s not one correct answer. We discourage both of those options by making sure the guards are close enough that they are nearly able to touch hands. Scouting Other Players – The more advanced your team, the more you should look at scouting the opposition and making adjustments depending on certain players. As a result, 2–3 zones often yield more rebounds for the opposing offense, which can tire out a defense, and/or put them far behind in scoring. Protects the Paint – The 2-3 zone is a great defense to keep the ball as far away from the hoop as possible. BFC Recommendation: Use this trap two to three times per game. We DO NOT want the ball to go from this position into the high post area. Who’s the shooters? Corner structure with the 2 guard sagging in. Notice that when the ball is reversed from one side to the other the 2 guard is stuck having to guard the 1 and 2 at the same time when the pass is made. The 3-2 zone defense implements perimeter ball pressure and heavy low post defense to limit scoring opportunities for the offensive team. When a player in the zone is shifting, that player should look to fill in gaps of space vacated by other shifting players and also guard offensive players in that space. The 2-3 zone defense, common in basketball, makes it very difficult for an offense to enter the paint, score a layup or get a rebound. 1. As you can see, it’s very tough for a zone when the ball makes it into the high post. The forward rule is if a man is open in front of you, pick him up. It’s the same situation if there is a skip pass from wing to wing. This is a surprise trap and should only be used a couple of times per game. This means that as one player moves, he pulls the imaginary string (which is attached to every defensive player) and therefore pulls the entire defense in that same direction. Rebounding—in man-to-man defense, defensive players know whom to "block out" if the shot misses, and an offensive rebound's attempted; each defender covers the individual offensive player they're assigned to personally defend. This is to make the close out to the wing player quicker because it’s a shorter distance. As referred to earlier in the article, bumping effectively is absolutely crucial to running a great 2-3 zone defense. 5. In this case, that would mean every defensive player shifting around 5 to 6 feet in the direction of the right wing and the player with the ball. As a result, defenses often have a better idea of what to expect from the offensive team when playing a zone defense. Make no mistake, a 2-3 zone defense doesn’t allow your team to rest on defense. If there’s is no shot clock, well, it looks like you can’t play zone anymore. Henderson developed this style of basketball successfully at Davis & Elkins College, before moving on to coach at Marshall University. It’s not a lazy defense if played correctly and will definitely challenge your players mentally and physically, but the benefits can be enormous. The center (5) must front on the post when the ball is in the corner. This defense's strong suits include: On the other hand, there are many reasons why many coaches prefer not to use the zone. If you have a slower team you can trap less and be patient until the other team takes a silly shot. The center (5) is left guarding two players. There are two guards at the high elbows, two players a step off the block and one in the middle. The Boston Celtics have been an individual-based offense. 4. The 3-2 zone defense did not provide the rebounding support for the fast break that Cam Henderson was using. However, in the 2–3 zone, defensive players do not guard individuals, only areas of the court (zones); so, it is more difficult to quickly and accurately assess where the offensive players are, and which defensive players are supposed to block them out. 4. 1. As the opposing team moves with the basketball around the court, the zone as a whole shifts accordingly. The 2-3 zone defense is a type of basketball defense and its main objective is to keep the ball out of the high/low posts and influence the offense to take contested perimeter jump shots. Be aware that you may get burned when running this trap. Offense -Zone Frame 1 North Carolina Zone Post Entry 1 3 5 4 2 x1 x4 x5 x2 x3 In this play against a 1-3-1zone defense, 1 passes to 4 at the high post, then moves to the wing. The weak-side guard (1) denies the closest pass to the wing player, usually the point guard. The center (5) is behind to half-fronting the post player. The concept, however, remains the same. The 2-3 zone defense is by far the most common zone in basketball and is more than likely the specific formation that will come to a coaches mind when they hear the term ‘zone’ relating to basketball. See Al Marshall's Aggressive 2-3 Zone Defense and 2-3 Zone Defense. I've had success trapping out of a 2-3 zone. The defense begins at the basket and radiates outwards—the idea is to force the offense to take shots from the perimeter and prevent access to the basket and surrounding area. Once 4 has the ball, 5 and 2 dive to the basket. 1. 3. The ball-side forward steps out and pressures the ball. They are: If you have an experienced team, you could use the second option against certain weak players on the other team and force them to make a decision. 1. How often do most coaches practice their zone offense or set plays against a zone? Rebounding – In a zone players don’t have specific match ups, they guard areas. Also players exert somewhat less energy in a zone than in man-to-man since they often cover less ground while playing defense. His father was the late basketball coach Jeff Capel II, former assistant coach for the Charlotte Bobcats and former head coach at Old Dominion University, and his younger brother Jason played basketball at Duke's biggest rival, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and was the head basketball coach at Appalachian State University. By using spread ball screen concepts versus a 2-3 Zone … 2-3 Rotation on Pass to the Wing. A Loose Link – The zone relies heavily on the team working together as a unit. He breaks down a detailed description of each player's role in 2-3 while shows the weak links of the defense and teaches how to avoid them. That can happen by the point guard attacking through the middle of the guards or passing to a player in the high post. Positions when a player is forced to take the ball. Fast Break Opportunities – With both guards always at the top, the positions of a zone put players in great position to fast break many times throughout the game. 2. Instead, we rely upon players moving on the air time of the pass and a tactic we call ‘bumping’ (I’ll discuss this is detail a bit later in the article) that involves the forward on the ball-side quickly closing out on the wing player before getting bumped by the guard who quickly recovers to the wing. The main goal we want out of this trap is for them to pass the ball out and we can set up our defense again. 3. This is a great way to disguise a 2-3 zone or force the ball to a particular player or side of the court. The weak-side guard is denying the high post. You’ll find most teams rush and will often take contested shots, or they’ll turn the ball over trying to make fancy passes against the zone. When the ball gets into the short corner or the post it must be immediately doubled by the center (5) and the closest ball-side forward (3). Depending on the amount of traps you use and where they are will play a big factor in the tempo of the game. Coaches: At what age should we start implementing the 2-3 zone defense into competition? This can make rebounding a problem at times. The two players on the top of the zone are usually a team's guards, and they guard the zones closest to them on the perimeter and three-point arc. Trapping the point guard as they cross half court. The offensive player with the ball is forced to make a very long and high pass in order to get the ball to a teammate if the trap is performed correctly. The weak-side guard (1) sprints all the way across the court to deny the easy pass back to the guard. See the diagrams below. All that we want to happen from this position is for the point guard to pass it to either of the wing players. 2 - 1 - 2 Zone Major strength middle and low post. It’s the trade-off this defense makes in order to pack the paint so well. 1. Playing from behind—teams that are losing rarely use the 2–3 zone, because it gives the opposing offense ample time—and space—to repeatedly pass the ball around the perimeter, reducing the amount of time left in the game. Everyone must move on the flight of the ballEveryone must move on the flight of the ball and not on the catch. BFC Recommendation: Trap the corner every time if you have a team that can. Similarly, using a 2–3 more evenly distributes fouls throughout the players on defense, meaning foul-prone players are less likely to accumulate many fouls or foul out. This zone defense is critical when trying to protect the paint. Want to slow the game down? The weak-side guard (2) is now playing the interceptor with the other two players and should back down as far as he needs to in order to see both players. When this happens the other guard is now in charge of denying the high post while the on-ball defender puts pressure on the point guard. And the weak-side forward (3) is trying to read the other players and pick off any skip pass that may be thrown. The zone presented here is a match up 2-3 zone and it is suitable in breaking opponent's rhytm. Solving Miami’s 2-3 zone defense. Eastern Michigan Assistant Coach Matt Cline puts on a clinic on how to properly run 2-3 Zone Defense. The 2–3 Zone Defense is a defensive strategy used in basketball as an alternative to man-to-man defense.It is referred to as the 2–3 because of its formation on the court, which consists of two players at the front of the defense (and closer to half court) and three players behind (and … Learn how to defend in a 2-3 Zone Defense here. What will be covered in this course: Breakdown of Each Player's Role in 2-3 Zone; Short Corner Trap As the ball moves throughout the court, every player should shift simultaneously in the direction of the ball. The image shows the normal positions for when the other players and pick off the skip.. Primarily out of it every team prides themselves on their man-to-man offense set... T play against a 2-3 zone defense into competition pass to the.... As far away from the basket, their chances of scoring decrease crosses half court everyone must at. The kick outside to open shooters post player often described as `` being a... Or side of the wing and the ball-side forward helps out while 2 and! Of an effective zone steps out and 2–3 zone defense the ball not many teams are able to effectively passes. Zone your team is playing pass using bump help from the basket possible! So use it the same or similar offenses versus man-to-man and zone defense structure commonly used zone into... 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