[2:21] How Patrick became interested in two major strains in the history of world events. [1:20] My introduction of the topic and my guest today, Patrick Wyman. Section of the walls of Constantinople: Anthemius' wall, Cyrus' wall, battlements, and moat. 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To enter, simply be a newsletter subscriber and leave a comment on this blog post, [bctt tweet=”When the capital of #Rome moved to #Constantinople, defensive measures had to be taken @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], [bctt tweet=”The Walls of #Constantinople enabled the city to endure long after the #Roman empire was fading @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], Your email address will not be published. [42:10] After such extensive rebuilding, how did the city lose its walls again? Meanwhile, Mehmed, aged only 21 and now known as \"the Conqueror\", settled in for a long reign and another 28 y… His forces laid waste to countless fortified cities all across Asia and Eastern Europe and the threat his armies posed prompted the building of the Walls of Constantinople. Destroy their wonder To the north is their extensive harbor, and to the east west are their allies Marcianopolis (green) and Philipopolis(red). It was the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II (408-450) who expanded the area of his imperial capital of Constantinople by building these great land walls farther out into the country. There is a bit of mystery concerning what eventually happened to cause the mighty walls of Constantinople to diminish to the rubble they are today. The Roman empire had already been divided and many of its fortified cities destroyed by the time the city of Constantinople was in any serious danger from outside forces. Tweets You Can Use To Share This Episode! Constantinople was also ideally situated on hills that accentuated the height of the walls. [31:21] The reality of what happened during the Crusades. The Roman empire had already been divided and many of its fortified cities destroyed by the time the city of Constantinople was in any serious danger from outside forces. Istanbul city walls are defensive stone walls that surrounded and protected the old city of Constantinople. The Walls of Constantinople surrounded the Roman and Byzantine city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey). Destroy their lone Monasteryto the south of the city 2. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople’s walls. Comer Plummer III The art of fortification has existed ever since man first came to realize the value of natural obstacles to his common defense, and evolved as he sought to invoke his own methods to fully exploit that advantage. Threaten their wonder 6. Constantinople was made the new Ottoman capital, the massive Golden Gate of the Theodosian Walls was made part of the castle treasury of Mehmed, while the Christian community was permitted to survive, guided by the bishop Gennadeios II. Are you an educator or animator interested in creating a TED-Ed Animation? In times of need, such as the earthquake of 447 or the raids by the Avars in the early 7th century, the general population, organized in the guilds and the hip… Destroy their castle 5. Two related projects were the construction of the Aetius Cistern, close to the new walls, and improved Sea Walls (439). The walls were an engineering marvel, essentially making the city impregnable as they made use of the city’s location overlooking the water. [12:18] The building of the walls: why was it needed? Constantinople is almost surrounded by water, except on its side facing Europe where walls were built. Today the walls are hardly visible and modern tour guides don’t think them worth pointing out, but their historical significance can’t be understated. An excellent map of Constantinople at the time of its conquest by the Ottomans in 1453 (source unknown) Emperor Constantine built walls to protect the city, but new housing developments outside them and the growing threat of the Goths and the Huns made them obsolete. The story of the city begins before acquiring the name of “Constantinople”. For almost 1,000 years that wall of Constantinople defended Western Christendom-only to be compromised by Crusaders and finally breached by Turkish cannons. Other important buildings in Constantinople included the Galata Tower, the sacred Imperial Palace, Golden Gate of Land Walls, and the Hippodrome. Find an example of something extrodinary invented or discovered by these ancient people and describe why it's so incredible. The name that eventually prevailed i… [bctt tweet=”The threat of #Attila and his #Huns was enough to prompt the building of the walls of #Constantinople @Patrick_Wyman” username=””]. It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. The Palaiologos dynasty (1261-1453) restored some churches and palaces and built or enlarged others (e.g. The city became a hotbed of political power and cultural diversity as a major trade route and defensive measures had to be taken to protect the city from outside forces, namely the Huns. The Eastern Romans (Byzantines) were famous for their cleverness. To that end, the first batch of land walls had their origins back in 6th century BC, when the settlement was founded by Greeks from the Dorian city of Megara and was known as Byzantium. At the time the city covered an acropolis and little more. @Patrick_Wyman” username=””], The prize for this week is a $20 Amazon gift card. On a larger scale, giant wall fences have also been erected by rulers in the past to protect cities or even countries. [9:04] How the capital of Rome moved from the city of Rome to Constantinople. From the perspective of history, it should be noted that the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople entailed just one of the fortification systems for the major city of Constantinople. Of course modern Istanbul outgrew the surrounding walls and fell into disrepair but there has been an ongoing restoration programme since the 1980s. For many years the city of Rome was the jewel of the empire, but as the eastern portion of the empire became more and more powerful and influential, it became clear that the center of commerce and culture had moved east. The 5th-century city walls built by Emperor Theodosius II stretch for 6.5 km (4 miles) from Istanbul‘s Golden Horn to the Sea of Marmara . Copyright 2018 History Fangirl But eventually the Muslim forces attacking during the crusades were able to break through and take the city – but their leaders immediately began rebuilding the walls, knowing the strategic advantage they provided. In the 15th century, Constantinople’s walls were widely recognized as the most formidable in all of Europe. When finished, the Theodosian Wallswere almost 7 km (over 4 miles) in length. Your name and responses will be shared with TED Ed. Any threat to the city would have to be dealt with by the field armies in the provinces, before it could approach the city itself. When Constantinople was under siege by neighboring enemies, the Roman city's elaborate system of moats, outer walls, and inner walls stood tall. The land walls spanned 4 miles (6.5 km) and consisted of a double line of ramparts with a moat on the outside; the higher of the two stood as high as 40 feet (12 metres) with a … They are by far the largest and most powerful team on the map. [50:40] Patrick’s plug for The Tides of History podcast. The Walls of Constantinople enabled the city to endure long after the Roman empire was fading. Here are Top 5 amazing ancient walls around the world still standing today. Only students who are 13 years of age or older can save work on TED-Ed Lessons. Patrick Wyman is a historian and podcaster I hold in great regard and I’ve invited him on the show today to discuss the history and prominence of the great Walls of Constantinople and the role they’ve played in the history of the city of Constantinople, now modern day Istanbul. Attila the Hun was one of the most dominant warlords in all of human history. The city of walls: Constantinople - Lars Brownworth - YouTube [26:14] Was their really a slow erosion of the Roman empire? What was left of the old Byzantine empire was absorbed into Ottoman territory following the conquest of Mistra in 1460 CE and Trebizond in 1461 CE. During 324–336 the city was thoroughly rebuilt and inaugurated on 11 May 330 under the name of "Second Rome". With multiple additions and renovations throughout their long history, they are one of the greatest and most intricate… Many attempts had … Because it is a historic part of history, the partly ruined walls were restored and. 377 in Spain. An amateur historian and travel enthusiast, I travel around the world full-time visiting historic sites: hidden chapels, Communist monuments, ancient cities, religious relics, or You can hear our entire conversation about these amazing walls and their impact on the region, on this episode of The History Fangirl. During the whole existence of the Byzantine Empire, the garrison of the city was quite small: the imperial guards and the small city watch (the pedatoura or kerketon) under the urban prefectwere the only permanent armed force available. Theodosius II lead the effort to build the walls initially and they were the paragon of Roman engineering and defensive capabilities in their day. The city of Constantinople was a highly valued prize to many would-be conquerors due to the geographic strength of its location. Patrick Wyman joins me on this episode to discuss the history and importance of the walls of Constantinople. The Garrisons of the city, the walls, built from limestone and brick are walls of Constantinople are stone walls juxtaposed to protect the city of Constantinople, today known as Instanbul. If you have already logged into ted.com click Log In to verify your authentication. Constantinople had strategic location which made this city rich during the end of Eastern Roman Empire. Patrick Wyman tells how the pressure brought by the Huns motivated Theodosius II to begin the building of the walls and how their strength protected the city for many years, in this episode. To track your work across TED-Ed over time, Register or Login instead. ... he secured and fortified areas around Constantinople to cut supplies to the city. Many attempts had been made but none successful. Constantine built the city of Constantinople, obviously naming it after himself and the capital of the Roman empire was moved. Walls of Constantinople. Tekfur Sarayi and St. Saviour in Chora ), but Bucoleon Palace was left to rot. [6:05] The basic history of Theodosius II, the builder of the Walls of Constantinople. [35:22] The rebuilding of the walls by the conquering forces. When Constantinople returned into the hands of a Byzantine emperor in 1261 it bore little resemblance to the city of 1204. The Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. The original walls of the city were built in the 8th century BC when Byzantium was founded by Greek colonists from Megara. Destroy their docks 4. Byzantium had first been reconstructed in the time of Septimius Severus not just as a Roman city, but modelled on Rome itself, on and around seven hills. As a final touch, Theodosius dug a wide moat at the base of the outermost wall. The city was built on a promontory projecting into the Bosphorus (Bosporus), which is the strait between the Sea of Marmara (Propontis) and the Black Sea (Pontus Euxinus). With periodic repairs, they defended the city effectively until the late 19th century. In 413 Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II decided to build new walls, not only on land, but also on the seafront. [19:49] How the walls of Constantinople shaped the history of the city. Meanwhile, his huge land army of 100,000 men was on the march, moving through Thrace and camping before the city’s 14 miles of walls. Get a free audiobook and a 30-day free trial of Audible at. The Garrisons of the city, the walls, built from limestone and brick are walls of Constantinople are stone walls juxtaposed to protect the city of Constantinople, today known as Instanbul. Want a daily email of lesson plans that span all subjects and age groups? However, war broke out in 193 BC and the city was captured by Septimius Seve… Istanbul - Istanbul - Constantinople: Within three weeks of his victory, the foundation rites of New Rome were performed, and the much-enlarged city was officially inaugurated on May 11, 330. Begin a siege on their outer walls 3. When Constantinople was under siege by neighboring enemies, the Roman city’s elaborate system of moats, outer walls, and inner walls stood tall. There are several ways to demand tribute from them: 1. The third wall was smaller but the inner walls and towers were aligned to create integrated fields of fire. Create and share a new lesson based on this one. This was a fun conversation where we got to talk not only about the walls themselves but also the history surrounding why they became necessary, which world powers have made attempts to destroy them by laying siege to the city, and what finally happened to the walls through the course of time. People who lived inside the city may have felt little impact when outside forces attacked simply because the walls made it so secure. It was an act of vast historical portent. The Walls of Constantinople are a series of stone walls that have surrounded and protected the city of Constantinople (today Istanbul in Turkey) since its founding as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. TED-Ed Animations feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. [bctt tweet=”The Walls of Constantinople, Ep 9 w @Patrick_Wyman” username=””]. By Easter, Byzantium, which had seen many sieges by … In fact, the very first walls were built long before his reign, and had already undergone repairs using tombstones as early as 340 BC. The walls of the great city had never been breached by a foreign foe. In addition to the mysterious Greek Fire (we still don’t know exactly how they made it), they had an early form of air conditioning, hydraulic powered doors, and ‘automatons’- powered statues of lions and birds that could roar or sing at the touch of a lever. The twin fortresses of Rumelihisari and Anadoluhisarı were completed on either side of the Bosporus just miles north of Constantinople. Click Register if you need to create a free TED-Ed account. Constantinople’s great city walls were breached onlytwice in 1600 years. Later Constantine the Great chose it as his new capital, renaming it Constantinople, and it remained the capital of the eastern part of the Roman empire.. Arcadius (reign AD 395-408) Flavius Arcadius. Built on a peninsula, the city could not be easily surrounded. Facts about Constantinople 10: the strategic position. Containing impressive city walls, Constantinople was virtually impervious to attack, such as when an army of Goths approached the city after the battle of Adrianople in A.D. 378. [bctt tweet=”How did the walls of #Constantinople finally disappear? Because it is a historic part of history, the partly ruined walls were restored and. Contrary to what some people believe, the city walls of Istanbul were not the brainchild of Constantinople the Great. Read the site’s full Privacy & Disclosure policy here. Required fields are marked *. Only students who are 13 years of age or older can create a TED-Ed account. When Constantinople was under siege by neighboring enemies, the Roman city’s elaborate system of moats, outer walls, and inner walls stood tall. It appears on the third level of the Attila the Hun campaign, Walls of Constantinople. Get facts about Classical Latin here. There is little historical record as to what happened to the walls, but my guest on this episode, Patrick Wyman believes the city simply outgrew the walls, their usefulness became less important, and they had to be removed. The wall was built in 412-414, surrounded an area of 12 km², was 12 m high, and had 96 towers that were about 18 m tall. The city was perceived to be of little importance despite the fact that its inhabitants were relatively wealthy. Surviving numerous fire attacks, the walls were eventually brought down by more modern tools of warfare, but, thankfully, classical culture survived. The world owes much of its cultural legacy to Constantinople's walls. Nominate yourself here ». The Walls of Constantinople are a succession of walls that have bordered and safeguarded the city of Constantinople (Modern day Istanbul) since it was founded as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire by Constantine the Great. 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