Composed: 1841, 1851. 38 in a mere four days in late January 1841. Scherzos typically retain the dance-like character and triple meter of the minuet, but are often faster and wilder than their courtly predecessors. 4 in D minor (First Version from 1841) – Robert Schumann. Here too, the heroic theme is absent; most of the material of the coda is based on the dancing transitional theme. Another long dissonant note announces the beginning of the frenetic coda, which becomes faster and faster as the symphony races towards its ending. The spirit of Romanticism suffuses this work in particular, perhaps the most Romantic of all Schumann’s symphonies. Ferdinand David, conductor 1853-03-03 in Düsseldorf: Geislerschen Saal (revised version) Orchestra. The first version was written in the summer of 1841 and premiered on December 6 of that year with Ferdinand David leading the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. 120. In the original version of the symphony, the music went straight from the exposition into a more developmental section. It was conducted by Ferdinand David at Leipzig's Gewandhaus. Get tickets and more information at houstonsymphony.org. Instead, Schumann continues to develop the main idea, almost obsessively. J. Finson]: I. Andante con moto - Allegro di molto [Live] $0.99 on iTunes Symphony No. This theme, now in D major, becomes the main idea of the finale (interestingly, Schumann made some substantial changes to this theme when he revised the symphony—compare the original to the revised version, which is more concentrated and economical). The Fourth is performed in the original version that Schumann heavily revised. This was a pivotal time in Schumann’s life. Schumann didn’t start out a lousy orchestrator; he became one, largely a result of his own failures as a conductor, of his inability to get orchestras to realize his intentions. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Though it is difficult to summarize Romanticism, Romantic writers and poets explored themes of emotion, irrationality, the supernatural, nature, childhood, horror, the sublime, dreams, memories and irony. Symphony No. Once again, Schumann subverts expectations when it comes time for the recapitulation—he omits the reprise of the heroic theme altogether, skipping to the dancing, harmonically unstable transitional theme and returning to D major with the sweet, lyrical second theme. Schumann completed the orchestration of the symphony by October 4, and the premiere took place once again with the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra on December 6. As he said: "If one is capable of doing anything at all, one must be capable of doing it quickly – the quicker the better, in fact. This intensity is characteristic of Schumann’s Romanticism. Many have compared the way Schumann uses this technique of thematic return to the way memories resurface or characters return in contemporary novels. The second movement takes a slower tempo and is titled “Romanza” or “Romance,” suggesting a song-like vocal work. In addition to performing Bach’s Violin Concerto in A minor, Perlman will also conduct Schumann’s Symphony No. The symphony begins with a slow, brooding introduction based on a winding figure in the violins, violas and bassoons: Throughout the symphony, the music will maintain the feverish, passionate quality of the introduction, even in moments of lightness and joy. Schumann: Symphonies Nos. Info for Schumann: Symphonies Nos. After a courtship of five years and a protracted legal battle with her father (who opposed the match), Schumann had finally married the piano virtuoso Clara Wieck on September 12, 1840. The year 1841 finally marked Robert Schumann's breakthrough as a composer for orchestra. This new, driving motif becomes the main idea of the faster main section of the movement. After the huge success of his First Symphony in 1841 (the ‘Spring’), Schumann, with typical single-mindedness, forged ahead through the remainder of the year with his focus squarely on orchestral music. Your donation helps the Houston Symphony enrich the lives of more than 400,000 Houstonians annually. 4. 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The Gewandhaus Orchestra of Leipzig, with Felix Mendelssohn conducting, presented the premiere to great acclaim on March 31. ... the “Spring” Symphony, Schumann changed the orchestration in many places (i.e., made it heavier through doublings) and, importantly, put into effect his original intention of linking the traditional four movements, thus achieving a stronger unity than was present in the original. Schumann’s development begins this way at first, but because he focused on the main idea of the movement so much in the exposition, he now begins to introduce new themes in the development: the normal functions of exposition and development are reversed. However, he abandoned any notion of having it. In 1840, Schumann had focused his creative energies on songs for voice and piano, producing an astonishing three song cycles (Liederkreis, Frauenliebe und –leben and Dichterliebe), which remain cornerstones of the German lieder repertoire. 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